The Great Mosque of Cordoba in Spain and the Hagia Sophia in Turkey are both Islamic Mosques although the Hagia Sophia was originally a Christian church. The main hall of the Hagia Sophia is very open while the main hall of the Great Mosque of Cordoba has 36 piers and 514 very elaborately decorated colums. Both have very large domes but the one in the Hagia Sophia is supported by pendentives. The Hagia Sophia is very plain compared to the Great Mosque of Cordoba even though they are both very beautiful.
The Great Mosque of Cordoba (Cordoba, Spain) and the Hagia Sophia (Istanbul, Turkey) had some key differences between each other even though they were both Islamic mosques. The Hagia Sophia used penditives to support its dome whereas the Great Mosque of Cordoba used squinches (updated architecture.)The inside of the Hagia Sophia was very open and spacious, with large emphasis on the mighty dome up above. Also, many overhead windows were present in the Hagia Sophia. The Great Mosque of Cordoba was quite different. It had 514 columns topped with double-arches, and stripes. This broke up the overall spaciousness. The Hagia Sophia seemed very mighty and grand because of the emphasis on the dome, but the Great Mosque of Cordoba seems light and airy due to the repeating patterns.
The Great Mosque of Cordoba, Spain and the Hagia Sophia of Istanbul, Turkey are both amazing pieces of architecture. In the modern day, they are both Islamic mosques but the Hagia Sophia originally was a Christian church, unlike the Great Mosque. The Hagia Sophia and the Great Mosque both have the large domes but the Hagia Sophia’s dome is supported by pendentives while the Great Mosque’s dome is supported by squinches, which is an updated support system of these domes. The Great Mosque of Cordoba has a very crowded interior with its 36 piers and 514 columns dissimilar to the Hagia Sophia which has a spacious interior, a result of the fusion of the central plan and axial plan of churches.
Both have elaborate interiors with the Hagia Sophia, at one time, being covered in 4 acres of gold mosaic and with the Great Mosque having the stacked arches with stripes. Overall, these two pieces of architecture are similar and different in many ways but they both always will be stunning pieces of architecture.
Response to Sarah:
I agree with your statement that the Hagia Sophia seems mighty and grand due to its emphasis on the dome, but the Great Mosque seems airy and light due to its repeating patterns. Great Observation!
The Hagia Sophia and the Great Mosque of Cordba, Spain share common features yet are unique. Both of these works were mosques although Hagia Siphia was first a piece of Christian architecture that was changed to a mosque. Hagia Sophia is one of the largest and most grand prices of architecture ever built. The dome itself is 108 feet in diameter. The Hagia Sophia is also special because the amount of light let in through the 40 windows at the base of the dome. The Hagia Sophia also has a very open space. Both the Hagia Sophia an the Great Nosque had plain exteriors yet grand interiors. The Great Mosque is decorated with many arches and columns, that crowd the interior of the Mosque. These columns are striped and very colorful.
Response to Justin:
Good job noticing that the Great Mosques dome is supported by squinches!
The Great Mosque and The Hagia Sophia have many similarties and differences between the two artworks. The Great Mosque of Cordoba used the practice of squinches in the constructions of the art piece. The Hagia Sophia used penditives in its construction. The use of these two different support systems is a difference between the two art works. The Great Mosque and The Hagia Sophia were both islamic mosques, the hagia sophia was originally an early christian church then a mosque and currently it is a museum in Istanbul, Turkey. Both artworks were very naked, plain on the outside while the inside was glamorous and deluxe with beautiful features such as, the double arches and colorful stripes which almost looks like an illusion-The Great Mosque. The Great mosque was influenced by Dome of the rock while the hagia sophia aquired its own features and purposes. These two buildings have thier own differences and similarities. Comment @ Kristin: Nice fact!: The dome in the Hagia sophia is 108 feet in diamater.
While the Great Mosque in Cordoba and the hagia Sophia were built in different places and with different religious organizations, they share a few similar elements as well as great differences. The Hagia Sophia was originally a Church before it was converted into a mosque by the Turks. Like the Great Mosque, it has a lavish dome, but the way it is supported is quite different: Hagia Sophia uses pendetives while the Great Mosque uses squinches. The dome at Hagia Sophia doesn't have an octagonal base or the same geometric patterns like the ones at the domes of the Great Mosque. The Byzantine style of the Hagia Sophia doesn't stack arches without separation such as in the prayer hall of the Great Mosque or the maqsura. Similarities between the two are the usage of arches and columns and the openness of parts of the two forms of architecture.
In response to Kristen: There are no pictures in the book of the exterior of the Great Mosque, so how can you be so sure that both share the similarity of plain exteriors and lavish interiors?
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